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A callus is an area of thickened skin that appears over sites of repeated or prolonged friction and pressure. The involved area is yellow and roughened. Calluses are most commonly located on the palms and serve as a clue to the activity of a person, for example, the callused hands of a bowler or tennis player.
A corn is a discomforting, raised area of skin with a smooth, firm surface that produces pain on pressure. Corns arise most frequently on the top and sides of the fifth toes. Tight, poorly fitting shoes are the usual cause.
Corns and calluses may be treated with acid plaster applied to the lesion and covered with adhesive tape. Painful corns may require surgical removal. Wide, well-fitting shoes prevent the recurrence of most corns.
An easy method to relieve corns is to soak your feet in plain lukewarm water for 5 to 10 minutes, then use a pumice stone to gently rub off the dead skin a little at a time. If you have diabetes, decreased sensation or poor circulation, check with your podiatrist before you begin this program. After you have rubbed your feet, use a moisturizing cream such as vitamin E cream or vitamin E oil to help keep your feet soft.
Apple cider vinegar Soak a small piece of cloth in vinegar and bind it on the toe; leave it on day and night. The corn will come out by the root. Another variation is to soak the feet in a shallow pan of warm water with half a cup of the vinegar. Rub down the corns and calluses with a clean pumice stone.
Castor oil Touch the corn with a toothpick soaked in castor oil.
Lemon Soak the feet in warm water for 15 minutes; apply a small piece of the inside of a lemon peel to the corn; tape it and leave it on overnight. In three days the corn should lift off.
• In addition to applying the lemon poultice mentioned above, put 1-2 drops of the essential oil of lemon on the corn during the day by using a Q-Tip to apply the oil. Don't put the oil on the surrounding skin.