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Besides from an injury, nosebleeds can be caused by low humidity in your home or office, colds and allergies, low levels of vitamin K, chronic sinusitis, medications (especially aspirin and blood thinners), high altitudes, excessive heat and blowing or picking the nose, and is a possible symptom of hypertension.
In younger people, especially, nosebleeds occur when blood vessels at the front of the septum - the cartilage that divides the nose - which are thin and fragile, rupture.
Call Your Doctor When...
If you have blood flowing from both nostrils.
If the bleeding hasn't stopped after 30 minutes of pressure.
If blood runs down the back of your throat even when the nose is pinched.
If the nose is deformed from an injury.
If nosebleeds recur several times during the day, or for several days in succession. This could be a symptom of a serious underlying ailment.
Alum Herbalists suggest using wild alum root powder. This will stop the bleeding immediately. Wild alum root is a powerful astringent.
Apple cider vinegar is useful in getting a nosebleed to stop. Apple cider vinegar safeguards the body from loss of blood. Soak a small cotton ball in the vinegar and pack it lightly into the nostril. The vinegar will help the blood to congeal.
Cayenne Put 1/8-1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper in a glass of warm (hot preferred) water and drink it. This works because the cayenne travels through the entire circulatory system and regulates the pressure thereby taking pressure off the hemorrhaging area and aiding quick coagulation. Cayenne pepper is noted for its ability to stop both internal and external bleeding very quickly. Although it may sting, you can also put some cayenne inside the nose.
Goldenseal Another herbal remedy is to make a tea from goldenseal using one teaspoon to a pint of boiling water. Steep a few minutes, let settle, and, when cold, snuff some into your nostrils. Do this several times during the day to prevent recurrence.
Lemon water Mix the juice of three lemons into two cups of cold water and sponge on the sunburn. The lemon will cool the burn, act as a disinfectant, and will promote healing of the skin.
Saline solution Spray a cold saline solution into the nose.